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UN Security Council reform process "contentious" issue: General Assembly President

UNITED NATIONS: The slow-moving UN Security Council reform is a "very divisive" and "contentious" issue and all of the member States have to walk the extra mile as they paintings on divergences and commonalities to verify the method does now not change into a "zero sum game", General Assembly President Maria Fernanda Espinosa has mentioned.
India has been at the leading edge of efforts on the UN to push for an pressing long-pending reform of the Security Council, emphasising that it rightly deserves a spot on the UN top desk as an everlasting member.

The Security Council reform "is very much a member state driven process. My role as President is to accompany, to lead, to make sure that the process continues, to make sure that it is inclusive and that it is transparent," Espinosa mentioned at a press briefing right here on Friday.

She used to be responding to a question by way of on the long-pending reform of the tough 15-nation UN organ, with little development 10 years after the Inter-Governmental Negotiations (IGN) began.

"It is not an easy issue. I want to be very open and frank with you. It is very divisive, it is contentious," she mentioned.

Espinosa had appointed Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Luxembourg to the UN Christian Braun and Permanent Representative of the United Arab Emirates to the UN Lana Nusseibeh as Co-Chairs of the Intergovernmental Negotiations on UN Security Council reform.

She described the two co-chairs as "excellent" and lauded them for placing a lot of effort and dealing, engaging with all member States in "trying to pull together the different positions, trying to look at the commonalities to see how we can tackle the issue in order to avoid the zero sum game".

In January this year, India's Permanent Representative to the UN Ambassador Syed Akbaruddin mentioned at a casual assembly of the Plenary on the Intergovernmental negotiations on the question of increase in the membership of the Security Council that no process known to UN participants had traversed "winding pathways" in the approach as the Security Council reform process had.

"In terms of length, it is unparalleled. In terms of inertia too, it has no peer," Akbaruddin had mentioned, noting that it's been an "arduous journey" given that it's been more than 10 years for the reason that start of the IGN process in 2008.

Espinosa stated that folks were getting "impatient" after 10 years of the IGN however mentioned "this is the process we have and I think that we have to make sure that the process continues, that all member States engage and we pull a little bit, we push and push and walk the extra mile".

She, on the other hand, didn't give a direct reply to a question on when the Council gets reformed and on her expectancies from countries akin to India, Germany and Japan in search of to change into the permanent participants of the council.

"Sometimes, perhaps I shouldn't be saying this because I'm supposed to be neutral, but sometimes we see the Security Council reform as an either/or and a black and white issue but there are so many things that we can do to improve the Security Council working methods and we can do it now without any major changes," she mentioned.

Espinosa mentioned she had a "lot of hope" on what the 10 elected participants of the Council were doing.

"I think that they (elected 10 members) are de-facto making some meaningful changes in improving the working methods and the transparency of the Security Council," she mentioned.

Akbaruddin mentioned closing week that while the arena used to be now not what it used to be when the reform process began, the objections to shifting ahead remain the same.

"While the global challenges of the 21st century have multiplied, we remain divided even about the process to adopt in order to move forward," he had mentioned.

Akbaruddin additionally mentioned that on the issue of 'categories of membership', a total of 113 member states, out of 122 who submitted their positions in the framework report, reinforce the expansion in both the permanent and non-permanent membership categories of the council.

France, which assumed the rotating presidency of the council in March, has reiterated its reinforce for India, Germany and Japan as permanent participants of an expanded Council, pronouncing enlargement of the tough UN organ in both permanent and non-permanent categories is the "first crucial part" in opposition to the U.S. reform.

France has maintained that if the crises of recent instances have confirmed the centrality of the UN, they have got additionally reinforced the need to make the organisation more effective and more representative of the present balances on the earth.

"That is why France pushes for the expansion of the Security Council by supporting the accession to a permanent seat of Germany, Brazil, India, Japan, as well as a greater presence of African countries," consistent with the Permanent Mission of France.

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