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Catalonia: Key dates in fight for independence


MADRID: The trial of 12 Catalan separatist leaders interested in a bid to secede from Spain begins on Tuesday.

Here are key dates in the push for independence in Spain's rich northeastern region:

- March 2006: the Spanish parliament approves a new statute strengthening Catalonia's autonomy through expanding its fiscal and judicial powers, additionally describing the region as a "nation".

- 2010: Spain's Constitutional Court laws the usage of the word "nation" has "no legal value". Hundreds of 1000's of Catalans display in protest.

- September 11, 2012: On Catalonia's "national day", more than one million folks display in Barcelona to call for their region to become a new state, all the way through a serious financial disaster. Conservative top minister Mariano Rajoy refuses to barter greater budgetary autonomy.

- November 2014: Catalonia defies Madrid with a symbolic, non-binding referendum on independence. Turnout is simply 37 p.c, of which more than 80 p.c vote in favour.

- September 2015: pro-independence events win an absolute majority in the Catalan regional assembly for the first time.

- November 2015: pro-independence lawmakers vote to begin the method to secede through 2017 at the newest.

- January 2016: Separatist Carles Puigdemont turns into the region's president.

- June 2017: Puigdemont calls a self-determination referendum for October. Spain's Constitutional Court bans the vote.

- October 1: On referendum day, safety forces clutch ballot boxes in 100 polling stations. Images of police violence are broadcast around the globe.

Turnout is set 43 p.c, of which 90 p.c back independence, in keeping with Catalan authorities. Rajoy dismisses the referendum and King Felipe VI denounces the independence bid.

- October 27: The majority-separatist Catalan parliament pronounces independence from Spain. Madrid suspends regional autonomy, ousts Puigdemont's separatist executive, dissolves the Catalan parliament and calls snap regional elections.

- December 21: With three separatist candidates in prison and others, including Puigdemont, in exile, pro-independence events once more win an absolute majority in regional elections.

Quim Torra turns into Catalonia's new president, paving the best way for the region's autonomy to be restored.

- June 1, 2018: Rajoy is ousted in a no-confidence vote in parliament. He is changed through Pedro Sanchez, a Socialist, who adopts a softer tone on Catalonia.

- July 2018: Sanchez and Torra meet as part of the start of negotiations over the continued secession disaster. The talks sooner or later break down on February eight, 2019.


- September 11: 1,000,000 folks march via Barcelona in support of independence.


- October nine: Separatists lose their majority in the Catalan parliament as Puigdemont and his supporters refuse to exchange 4 lawmakers suspended through a court over the secession bid.


- February 12: Twelve Catalan separatists concerned in the secession bid are due to move on trial in Madrid on riot charges.




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